Beef Industry Statistics

  • 2013 Cattle inventory:  89.3 million (down 2% from 2012) (USDA NASS)
  • Economic impact:  $44 billion in farm gate receipts (USDA NASS)
  • Number of beef cow operations: 729,000
  • Number of cattle & calf operations: 915,000 
    • 29.3 million beef cows (down 3%)
    • 34.3 million head calf crop (2012)
    • 90 percent of cow herds have less than 100 cows (avg. 44 head)
  • 2013 U.S. total beef exports: 2.5 billion pounds 
    • Top export markets:  Canada, Japan, Mexico, South Korea and Hong Kong
  • More than 50 percent of the total value of U.S. sales of cattle and calves comes from the top 5 states: (Jan. 1, 2013 USDA Cattle Inventory Report)
      1. Texas
      2. Nebraska
      3. Kansas
      4. California
      5. Oklahoma
  • Cost of production:  from 1990-2003, feedyard cost of gain was $261/head; in the past four years, feedyard cost of gain is $494/head
  • Average producer age:  58, up from 56 in 2002 (USDA 2007 Ag Census)
  • 33.6 million head of cattle harvested under USDA inspection (2011); 43.4 billion pounds of beef harvested under USDA inspection. Average live weight 1,277 pounds.
    • Total cash receipts:  $67.9 billion (2013 Agricultural Statistics Annual)
  • Per capital spending on beef in 2013:  $288.17

National Cattlemen - Directions Statistics

Industry Statistics as of November 2012

Cattle Numbers and Beef Production 

Average Annual Per Capita Consumption of Meat (Retail Weight) 

Average Annual Per Capita Consumption Beef Cuts and Ground Beef 

Monthly Prices Cattle, Wholesale and Retail Beef 

Monthly Corn Prices -- U.S. Average 

Cattle and Beef Products, Exports vs. Imports (Annual) 

Cattle and Beef Products, Exports vs. Imports (Monthly) 

Leading Markets for U.S. Beef and Veal 

Value of Cattle By-Product, Per 1,000-lb Steer 

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