Beef Industry Statistics

  • 2014 Cattle inventory:  87.7 million, 2% down from 2013. This is the lowest inventory since 82.1 million in 1951.
  • Economic impact:  $44 billion in farm gate receipts (USDA NASS)
  • Number of beef cow operations: 729,000
  • Number of cattle & calf operations: 915,000 
    • 29.0 million beef cows (down 1%)
    • 33.9 million head calf crop (2013)
    • The average cow herd size: 40 head
  • 2014 U.S. total beef exports: 5.6 billion pounds 
    • Top export markets:  Canada, Japan, Mexico, South Korea and Hong Kong
  • More than 50 percent of the total value of U.S. sales of cattle and calves comes from the top 5 states: 
      1. Texas
      2. Nebraska
      3. Kansas
      4. California
      5. Oklahoma
  • Cost of production:  from 1990-2003, feedyard cost of gain was $261/head; in the past four years, feedyard cost of gain is $494/head
  • Average producer age:  58, up from 56 in 2002 (USDA 2007 Ag Census)
  • Beef production was at 2.04 billion pounds, which is 4%  below 2013. Cattle slaughter totaled 2.59 million head, down 5% from April 2013. The average live weight was up 10 pounds from 2013 at 1,306 pounds. 
    • Total cash receipts:  $67.9 billion (2013 Agricultural Statistics Annual)
  • Per capital spending on beef in 2013:  $288.17

National Cattlemen - Directions Statistics



Industry Statistics as of November 2012

Cattle Numbers and Beef Production 

Average Annual Per Capita Consumption of Meat (Retail Weight) 

Average Annual Per Capita Consumption Beef Cuts and Ground Beef 

Monthly Prices Cattle, Wholesale and Retail Beef 

Monthly Corn Prices -- U.S. Average 

Cattle and Beef Products, Exports vs. Imports (Annual) 

Cattle and Beef Products, Exports vs. Imports (Monthly) 

Leading Markets for U.S. Beef and Veal 

Value of Cattle By-Product, Per 1,000-lb Steer 

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