vaccination - The act of administering a vaccine or antigens.
vaccine - Suspension of attenuated or killed microbes or toxins administered to induce active immunity.
vagina - Copulatory portion of the female's reproductive tract. The vestibule portion of the vagina also serves for passage of urine during urination. The vagina also serves as a canal through which young pass when born.
value-based marketing - Marketing system based on paying for individual animal differences rather than using average prices.
variable costs - Costs that change with the amount produced. If the manager decides to cease production, these costs are avoidable.
variance - Variance is a statistic that describes the variation we see in a trait.
variety meats - Edible organ by-products (e.g., liver, heart, tongue, tripe).
vas deferens - Ducts that carry sperm from the epididymis to the urethra.
veal - Meat from very young cattle (under 3 months of age). Veal typically comes from dairy bull calves.
video image analysis (VIA) - A video image is analyzed via sophisticated computer techniques to estimate factors associated with carcass value.
virus - Ultra-microscopic bundle of genetic material capable of multiplying only in living cells. Viruses cause a wide range of diseases in plants, animals, and humans, such as rabies and measles.
viscera - Internal organs and glands contained in the thoracic and abdominal cavities.
vitamin - Organic catalyst, or component thereof, that facilitates specific and necessary functions.
volatile fatty acids (VFA) - Group of fatty acids produced from microbial action in the rumen; examples are acetic, propionic, and butyric acids.
vulva - External genitalia of a female mammal.