vaccination - The act of administering a vaccine or antigens.

vaccine - Suspension of attenuated or killed microbes or toxins administered to induce active immunity.

vagina - Copulatory portion of the female's reproductive tract.  The vestibule portion of the vagina also serves for passage of urine during urination.  The vagina also serves as a canal through which young pass when born.

value-based marketing - Marketing system based on paying for individual animal differences rather than using average prices.

variable costs - Costs that change with the amount produced.  If the manager decides to cease production, these costs are avoidable.

variance - Variance is a statistic that describes the variation we see in a trait.

variety meats - Edible organ by-products (e.g., liver, heart, tongue, tripe).

vas deferens - Ducts that carry sperm from the epididymis to the urethra.

veal - Meat from very young cattle (under 3 months of age).  Veal typically comes from dairy bull calves.

video image analysis (VIA) - A video image is analyzed via sophisticated computer techniques to estimate factors associated with carcass value.

virus - Ultra-microscopic bundle of genetic material capable of multiplying only in living cells.  Viruses cause a wide range of diseases in plants, animals, and humans, such as rabies and measles.

viscera - Internal organs and glands contained in the thoracic and abdominal cavities.

vitamin - Organic catalyst, or component thereof, that facilitates specific and necessary functions.

volatile fatty acids (VFA) - Group of fatty acids produced from microbial action in the rumen; examples are acetic, propionic, and butyric acids.

vulva - External genitalia of a female mammal.

"As individuals, we have limited resources...

...to aid in keeping the "wolves" such as government, environmental and radical groups, off of our door steps. NCBA is there every day protecting our industry."

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Mark Spurgin
Nebraska Rancher